In the article Barlett used the risk factor approach to test theunique and combined influence of a couple of different risk factors for cyberbullying attitudes and behavior using a four-wave longitudinal design withan adolescent US sample. The participants completed measures cyberbullyingattitudes, perceptions of anonymity, cyberbullying behavior, and demographics throughout the school year. The results displayed cyberbullying attitudes andprevious cyberbullying behavior were important unique risk factors for later cyberbullying behavior, anonymity andprevious cyberbullying behavior were valid risk factors for later cyberbullying attitudes, and the likelihood of engaging in later cyberbullying behavior increased with the addition of risk factors.
In this article Zahra Ashktorab talks about a method to try to prevent cyberbullying. He talks about a multidisciplinary method that takesdata generated from teens on social media platforms and work with teens to test potential cyberbullying mitigation solutions. Ashktorab uses amulti-methodological approach to tackle cyberbullying. He starts with data-centric exploratory study of discourse occurring alongside cyberbullying, an experimental design of reactions to positive messages in response to cyberbullying, human-centered participatory design to design cyberbullying mitigation prototypes, and a longitudinal study evaluating the effectiveness of cyberbullying mitigation tools.
Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying (Book by Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja)
A majority of the research conducted throughout the novel came from the authors original research which was conducted throughout the years of 2002-2015. They conducted data on 15,000 students throughout the United States and asked about children’s experiences with bullying occurring at school and bullying beyond the school premise. They found conclusive data on the struggles of bullying and provide knowledge on the matters of cyberbullying.
Sheri Bauman, a professor at the University of Arizona writes about her reviews on the literature of school bullying and narrows in on elementary schools. She defined the concept of bullying and explains the various forms of bullying. She discusses existing programs which aim at reducing bullying and suggests ways in which there can be more work done on putting an end to bullying.
This journal article analyzes the various features of cyberbullying that distinguish it from the more traditional forms of bullying. It focuses on the aggression forms, the visibility in bullying compared to the invisibility of cyberbullying, and the audience of bullying in real situations in comparison to online bullying.
This journal article contains a research study which examined the prevalence ofonline bullying from a sample of middle school students in a southeastern USA school. Those who indicated that they were affected by bullying stated that it happened quite frequently throughout the week. Also, the relationships between the measures of online bullying and specific life satisfaction was evaluated.
This article talks about different ways for school districts, teachers, and parents to detect cyberbullying and actions they should take in preventing it. It teaches people the misuse of technology and how it affects students. Brush iterates criteria to advance the knowledge and the methods of dealing with cyberbullying. Brush also says it starts with adults to prevent cyberbullying by being more on top of their kids or students.
This article talks about the effects cyberbullying on adolescents. The media has came out with different studies that shows cyberbullying has caused mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, and, in extreme cases, suicide attempts. Researchers believe that cyberbullies have a surplus of aggression built up that they cannot express in person so they take it out behind the computer screen. Cyberbullying has been confirmed as the number one form of bullying among adolescents. Cyber bullying is starting as young as 2nd grade because of all the technology kids are being introduced to at such a young age.
In this article Larrañaga talks about how the socio-cognitive and emotional variables are important to understand individual differences in engagement in cyberbullying. Result of regressions indicated that the construction of cyberbullying was positively associated with cyberbullying victimization, bullying aggression, moral disengagement towards cyberbullying, social support and satisfaction expression. The studies have shown that gender and age does not play a big role in the prediction of who cyberbullies are.
This study examined to what extent members of society influence the cyberbullying behaviors of adolescents. The researchers found results indicating that individuals who believed their friends were engaging in cyberbullying were more inclined to participate in cyberbullying themselves. Also, adolescents who believed that they would be punished for cyberbullying did not engage in it.
This first article serves the purpose of providing a point of view on the Incel attack in Toronto, Canada in 2018. The article provides specific details about the case and what evidence has come to light against Alek Minassian, the man who drove a rental truck in to two-dozen civilians on a crowded sidewalk. Ultimately, this is best used to support the blog post about the incident.
This article is also about the case of Alek Minassian. However, this particular source provides video footage of the assailant’s apprehension by the police. In the video, the suspect repeatedly states that he wishes to be killed by the police, but is ultimately taken into custody without further incident. Additionally, this source indicates that he had a gun as well as the van that he intended to use as a weapon. However, the weapon was retrieved without the assailant firing a shot.
The article from the New Yorker gives a more well-rounded perspective of Incel ideology. Essentially, the source supports the notion that Incels do not want sex. Rather, they long for white, male supremacy. Since it is often believe that sexual frustration is the driving force behind Incel ideology, this is a good source to complete the picture of the internet subculture.
This source offers an in-depth look into the daily life of an Incel. Ultimately, this article and respective video is a great way for the interested reader to learn about how average inches spend their time and give insight into their psychology.
This source offers global perspective on Incel ideology. Specifically, this article pertains to how members of the Incel community view the Kavanaugh hearing as proof that Incels have a voice in the world and that powerful female figures are being challenged. Ultimately, it is brought to light that they find this instance as proof that male superiority is the direction in which the world is headed.